False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.

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Icacina oliviformis

Owing to their size and the fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig out. Icxcina may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

In addition, analytical chemists need to check samples for micronutrients, protein quality, and fatty acids making up the seed oil. In the northern parts of the Central African Republic, for instance, hordes of people each year mount expeditions to collect the fruits and keep themselves fed during the few most-threatening weeks when little else is on hand in the villages.

Olivifornis View Edit History. Indeed, it has a future as both a subsistence and commercial crop. Its fruits, seeds and tubers are all edible, at least after proper preparation. JPG Icacina oliviformis syn. To consider icacina as just a weed or fallback crop for the worst of times is quite wrong.

African Plants – A Photo Guide – Icacina oliviformis (Poir.)

Although untouched by agronomic science, the plant is already widespread and depended on by millions. The plant can be troublesome in savanna lands and along roadsides. People leave them underground until absolutely needed.

Plants can grow so densely and yield so exuberantly that a family can sometimes collect several hundred kilos of fruits a day even from untended wild stands. However, extension services could also develop ways to increase the size and density and productivity of the wild stands.


Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. In better times, however, icacina can save lives too. Icacina is a prime example of how the world misses out on valuable woody resources merely because they have branches where they should have trunks.

But at present no one knows those capabilities for icacina. Those users need guidance in managing the existing stands for maximum production. Not a MyNAP member yet? The tubers are harvested only when required. Marco Schmidt Dry Areas Prospects here are even higher. The species is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated in gardens at least in Senegal. At or before the beginning of the rainy season it throws out erect leafy shoots from a large underground fleshy tuber.

Page Share Cite. Seeds In one analysis, flour extracted from the seeds was about 13 percent moisture, 72 percent carbohydrate, and 8 percent protein, with little fat about 0. The following other wikis use this file: This page was last edited on 9 Marchat Nonetheless, it could be produced in far greater amounts. Roots, too, can contain toxins unless properly processed. This rugged shrub is the traditional emergency reserve for use in the absolute worst of times when even pearl millet succumbs.

The fruit is a bright-red ovoid berry, approximately 2. In the exploration of this possibility lie fascinating challenges to researchers, entrepreneurs, and other pioneer movers and shakers.

Any improvement, no matter how modest, could thus have a satisfying impact. But sometimes a portion survives and produces a new shoot anyway. They are then left in the sun two days to dry. The tubers are then sliced and soaked in clean water for several days to soften the flesh and leach out bitter compounds.

Three more with edible parts are: This book is the third in a series evaluating underexploited African plant resources that could help broaden and secure Africa’s food supply. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The tubers show considerable variation in size, ranging up to cm in length, with a diameter of about 30 cm.


Nonetheless, there appear to be three locales of especial abundance: The volume describes 24 little-known indigenous African cultivated and wild fruits that have potential as food- and cash-crops but are typically overlooked by scientists, policymakers, and the world at large.

Even in the wild, it grows in a natural monoculture; pure stands with over plants per hectare have been recorded. They are soaked several days, boiled in new water, dried, dehusked, and ground.

File:Icacina senegalensis MS JPG – Wikimedia Commons

Even in those areas where it is abundant collections have been scanty, and it likely occurs in many more areas than are now described. Means to this end might include simple activities such as putting out an icacina cookbook, holding contests for best recipes, or serving icacina at prestigious functions.

Skip to content Common Name: The resulting meal can be mixed with that of millet or beans to make olivviformis thick paste known as enap icacian Senegal. Icacinaceae sensu stricto contains about … Read more References Switchboard Wikipedia.

Its aerial stems can reach almost 1 m in height. Reduction of some toxicants in Icacina mannii by fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The opiviformis edible product is a fleshy, tuberous root. The usable portion is about 80 percent starch and a crucial resource during famines. The tuber is cut up and leached in running water to remove toxic elements and facilitate maceration.