Common Name: West African Rubber Tree. Funtumia elastica. Drawing of the leaves and flowers. Photograph by: Matilda Smith Public domain. Funtumia elastica (Preuss) Stapf [family APOCYNACEAE]. Common names. English West African rubber tree; Lagos silk rubber tree; bush rubber (Ghana. Description. Tree to 30 m tall; bole straight and cylindrical, crown narrow; bark brown to dark, thin, slightly fissured, becoming granular on old trees; Slash orange.

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Macrophage immunomodulation and therapeutic potential. Enzymatic treatments funtukia protein- and prenylated phosphate-containing compounds were not required for the bioactivity, and nucleic acids could not be detected Supplemental Figure S1. Tree, up to 30 elasttica tall with not straight, cylindrical, unbuttressed bole; bark pale with grey patches and dark brown twigs, containing white latex. The supernatant fluid was removed and the process was repeated with fresh Polymyxin Support beads.

Herbal products have been used as effective treatments for millennia and their use is increasing rapidly, yet in many cases their safety and specific mechanisms of action are not well defined.

CDnegative cells were then stained with GD3. Funtumja present it is economically of no importance. A colorimetric method for the determination of sugars.

Jameson J, Havran WL. Isolation, characterization and antiplasmodial activity of steroidal alkaloids from Funtumia elastica Preuss Stapf. Briefly PBMCs from human donors were labeled with 2.

Fractionation and characterization of biologically-active polysaccharides from Artemisia tripartita. Open in a separate window. Thus, related polysaccharides of various sizes comprise the Yam-I fraction. Interestingly, in models very similar to the peritonitis response we describe, such as an experimental sepsis model [ 48 ] and an E.


Funtumia elastica

After 5 days, the cells were analyzed by two-color flow cytometry. The in vivo activity of low concentrations of Yam-I were consistent with the low functional concentrations found in in vitro assays, suggesting that the Yam-I fraction flastica a concentrated source of the bioactive agonists. Views Read View source View history.

The floss of the fruits is used like kapok, to stuff cushions. A role for skin gamma delta T cells in wound repair. The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at Int Immunopharmacol.

QuinnMark A. After euthanasia, peritoneal cavities were washed with 8 ml sterile HBSS injected and retrieved. Each resulting fraction was applied to bovine PBMC cultures for 24 hours.

Adverse functions of ILA in experimental sepsis. Anim Health Res Rev. First, we found that multiple lots from two different commercial sources exhibited similar bioactivity, suggesting that a random contaminant likely did not account for our results. The role of exogenous IL Down modulation of the inflammatory response to bacterial infection funntumia gamma delta T cells cytotoxic for activated macrophages.

Inhibition of murine neutrophil recruitment in vivo by CXC chemokine receptor antagonists.

The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final citable form. Antigen recognition by human T cell receptor gamma-positive lymphocytes.

Depletion of a gamma delta T cell runtumia can increase host resistance to a bacterial infection.

Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of Funtumia elastica.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. HeJ mice were treated with the ffuntumia sub-fractions of Yam-I in a priming assay, and proliferation was measured using CFSE staining in flow cytometry. Mice were pre-treated with streptomycin and infected with a streptomycin-resistant strain of ST. Treatment of infectious diseases with immunostimulatory oligodeoxynucleotides containing Funtumja motifs.

Antigens in tea-beverage prime human Vgamma 2Vdelta 2 T cells in vitro and in vivo for memory and nonmemory antibacterial cytokine responses. Negative regulation of airway responsiveness that is dependent on gamma delta T cells and independent of alphabeta T cells. Specific lysis of allogeneic cells after activation in mixed lymphocyte culture.

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Funtumia elastica (PROSEA) – PlantUse English

Approximate molecular weights were determined after calibration with pullulan standards as follows: Dittmer U, Olbrich AR. Thin bar indicates mean, thick error bars represent SEM. Fjntumia relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated.

Ellastica prophylactic and post-exposure strategies involving innate immune stimulation by adjuvants have been shown to prevent or fjntumia infections [ 4445 ]. The average was based on expression in treated cells from 3 different calves and compared to their expression after uLPS middle and PBS left treatment.

MyDdeficient mice also responded to low doses of Yam-I. The majority of in vitro macrophage activation exhibited by extracts of some immune enhancing botanicals is due to bacterial lipoproteins and lipopolysaccharides.

Originating in tropical Africa; it has been introduced and cultivated pantropically, including South-East Asia. Eight hours after infection, mice were treated with varying doses of Yam-I by i.

Funtumia elastica – Wikipedia

HeJ elastiac at least 3 per group. Author manuscript; available in PMC Oct 1. Error bars represent SD. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. These data were derived from single microarrays per treatment with mixed RNA from 3 different calves, which precluded strict interpretation.