Chlorobenzene. MSDS# Section 1 – Chemical Product and Company Identification. MSDS. Name: Chlorobenzene. Catalog. Numbers: AC CAS #. Chemical name. Concentration (% by weight). Common name and synonyms. Monochlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene for synthesis. CAS , chemical formula C₆H₅Cl. – Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information.

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Chlorobenzene is also used as a high-boiling solvent in many industrial applications as well as in the laboratory. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved from ” https: Chlorobenzene can be produced by from aniline via benzenediazonium chloridethe route being known as the Sandmeyer reaction.

Chlorobenzene is manufactured by chlorination of benzene in the presence of a catalytic amount of Lewis acid such as ferric chloridesulfur dichlorideand anhydrous aluminium chloride: The bacterium Rhodococcus phenolicus degrades chlorobenzene as sole carbon sources.

The conversions of the 4-nitro derivative are similar.


These mononitrochlorobenzenes are converted to related 2-nitrophenol2-nitroanisole, bis 2-nitrophenyl disulfide, and 2-nitroaniline by nucleophilic displacement of the chloride, with respectively sodium hydroxidesodium methoxidesodium disulfide, and chlorobsnzene.


Upon entering the body, typically via contaminated air, chlorobenzene is excreted both via the lungs and the urinary system.

Chlorobenzrne dose or concentration LDLC:. LC Lo lowest published. This page was last edited on 15 Novemberat Chlorobenzene can persist in soil for several months, in air for about 3.

Industrially the reaction is conducted as a continuous process to minimize the formation msdx dichlorobenzenes. At one time, chlorobenzene was the main precursor for the manufacture of phenol: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The catalyst enhances the electrophilicity of the chlorine. LD 50 median dose.

It was first described in Inthe SAM science team announced that the Curiosity rover reported cholrobenzene of higher concentrations of chlorobenzene in a sedimentary rock, named ” Cumberland “, on Mars. Systematic and Applied Microbiology.

Chlorobenzene | C6H5Cl – PubChem

Halogenated solvents Hazardous air pollutants Chloroarenes Aromatic solvents Phenyl compounds. Views Read Edit View history. Journal of Geophysical Research: Chlorobenzene once was used in the manufacture of certain pesticidesmost msde DDTby reaction with chloral trichloroacetaldehydebut this application has declined with the diminished use of DDT.

This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals.


Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. The major use of chlorobenzene is as an intermediate in the production of commodities such as herbicides, dyestuffs, and rubber. Chlorobenzene exhibits “low to moderate” toxicity as indicated by its LD 50 of 2.

However, because it has only been found at 97 out of 1, NPL hazardous waste sites, it is not considered a widespread environmental contaminant.

Chlorobenzene – Wikipedia

Because chlorine is electronegative, C 6 H 5 Cl exhibits somewhat decreased susceptibility chlorobenzne further chlorination. Humans may be exposed to this agent via breathing contaminated air primarily via occupational exposureconsuming contaminated food or water, or by coming into contact with contaminated soil typically near hazardous waste sites.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The heating would msdx triggered a reaction of organics in the Martian soil, which is known to contain perchlorate. Chlorobenzene is an aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C 6 H 5 Cl.